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Yeasts get a boost from solar power

first_imgGenetically engineered microbes such as bacteria and yeasts have long been used as living factories to produce drugs and fine chemicals. More recently, researchers have started to combine bacteria with semiconductor technology that, similar to solar panels on a roof, harvests energy from light and, when coupled to the microbes’ surface, boosts their biosynthetic potential.The first “biological-inorganic hybrid systems,” or biohybrids, largely focused on fixing atmospheric carbon dioxide and producing alternative energies. While they were promising, they also revealed key challenges. For example, semiconductors, which are made from toxic metals, to date have been assembled directly on bacterial cells, which they often damage in the process. In addition, the focus on carbon-fixing microbes has limited the range of products to relatively simple molecules. If biohybrids could be created based on microorganisms equipped with more complex metabolisms, it would open new paths for production of a much wider range of chemicals useful for many applications.Now, in a study in the journal Science, a multidisciplinary team led by Professor Neel Joshi and postdoctoral fellows Junling Guo and Miguel Suástegui of Harvard’s Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering and the John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) presents a highly adaptable solution to these challenges.“While our strategy conceptually builds on earlier bacterial biohybrid systems that were engineered by our collaborator Daniel Nocera and others, we expanded the concept to yeast — an organism that is already an industrial workhorse and is genetically easy to manipulate — with a modular semiconductor component that provides biochemical energy to yeast’s metabolic machinery without being toxic,” said Joshi, who is a core faculty member at the Wyss Institute and associate professor at SEAS. Co-author Nocera is the Patterson Rockwood Professor of Energy at Harvard University.As a result of these manipulations, yeasts’ ability to produce shikimic acid, an important precursor of the antiviral drug Tamiflu, several other medicines, nutraceuticals, and fine chemicals, was significantly enhanced.,The baker’s yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae naturally produces shikimic acid to generate some of the building blocks to synthesize proteins and other biomolecules. However, by genetically modifying the yeast’s central metabolism, the researchers enabled the cells to funnel more of the carbon atoms contained in their main nutrient source, glucose, into the pathway that produces shikimic acid, while preventing the loss of carbon to alternative pathways by disrupting one of them.“In principle, the increased ‘carbon flux’ toward shikimic acid should lead to higher product levels, but in normal yeast cells the alternative pathway that we disrupted to increase yields … also provides the energy needed to fuel the final step of shikimic acid production,” said co-first author Miguel Suástegui, a former postdoc in Joshi’s team who is now a scientist at Joyn Bio LLC. To boost the more carbon-effective but energy-depleted engineered shikimic acid pathway, “We hypothesized that we could generate the relevant energy-carrying molecule NADPH instead in a biohybrid approach with light-harvesting semiconductors.”Toward this goal, Suástegui collaborated with Junling Guo, the study’s other co-corresponding and co-first author and presently a postdoc in Joshi’s lab. They designed a strategy that used indium phosphide as a semiconductor material. “To make the semiconductor component truly modular and non-toxic, we coated indium phosphide nanoparticles with a natural polyphenol-based ‘glue,’ which allowed us to attach them to the surface of yeast cells while at the same time insulating the cells from the metal’s toxicity,” said Guo.When tethered to the cell surface and illuminated, the semiconductor nanoparticles harvest electrons from light and hand them over to the yeast cells, which shuttle them across the cell walls into their cytoplasm. There the electrons elevate the levels of NADPH molecules, which then fuel shikimic acid biosynthesis. “The yeast biohybrid cells, when kept in the dark, mostly produced simpler organic molecules such as glycerol and ethanol; but when exposed to light, they readily switched into shikimic acid production mode with an 11-fold increase in product levels, showing us that the energy transfer from light into the cell works very efficiently,” said Joshi.“This scalable approach creates an entirely new design space for future biohybrid technologies. In future efforts, the nature of semiconductors and the type of genetically engineered yeast cells can be varied in a plug-and-play fashion to expand the type of manufacturing processes and range of bioproducts,” said Guo.“The creation of light-harvesting, living cellular devices could fundamentally change the way we interact with our natural environment and allow us to be more creative and effective in the design and production of energy, medicines, and chemical commodities,” said Wyss Institute Founding Director Donald Ingber, the Judah Folkman Professor of Vascular Biology at HMS and the Vascular Biology Program at Boston Children’s Hospital, as well as professor of bioengineering at SEAS.last_img read more

Fall armyworm time

first_imgGrowers and homeowners should keep a close and frequent lookout for signs of these pests. Fall armyworms can be up to 1.5 inches long and are light green to nearly black with light and dark stripes that stretch horizontally along the body of the worm. One of the pest’s most distinct characteristics is an inverted Y-shape on the head of the worm. Prevalent in the fallAs the name implies, fall armyworms are most numerous in late summer and early fall. They are unable to tolerate even a mild winter, but each year they return as wind currents from Florida and Latin America carry the moths to Georgia. Armyworms cause damage by chewing on plant tissue. They are typically most active in the early morning or late afternoon when temperatures are cooler. In newly cut hay or shorter grass, armyworms hide in the thatch and topsoil layers during the heat of the day. However, they can be seen foraging in tall grass during any part of the day. Thin, brown grassArmyworms go through six stages of larval development. The youngest larvae do not eat much but the mature larvae can eat more than all other ages put together. Damage can appear differently depending on the forage type and conditions. On closely grazed pastures, damage may appear as thinned out grass and brown spots. This could be misdiagnosed as drought damage. In hayfields or pastures with tall growth, damage can be devastating with nearly all tender green vegetation being removed.Established, healthy bermudagrass is not likely to be totally killed by armyworm infestations, but the damage caused by a complete infestation will weaken the plant and result in reduced forage availability for livestock.Armyworm damage is sometimes described as “coming in waves.” If growers notice armyworms, they should keep a close eye over the next few months on that field and any surrounding fields to look for subsequent generations that have hatched. Start looking at least two weeks after initial damage has occurred for any young larvae.Treatment thresholds are typically recommended at three armyworm larvae per square foot. It may be necessary to treat with an insecticide under certain conditions. Young larvae are much easier to kill than adult armyworm larvae. Thorough scouting may allow growers to spot treat certain areas of fields. Harvesting a hay crop may be the best option for armyworm control if hay is close to cutting time.Several control optionsSeveral insecticides are available that have control over armyworms. They include carbaryl (Sevin and others), diflubenzuron (Dimilin), cyfluthrin, spinosad and zeta-cypermethrin (Mustang Max). Pay careful attention to grazing or harvesting restrictions related to these products. Careful scouting has been mentioned as the best way to prevent economic losses. Look for signs of armyworms in dead grass and in the thatch layer. Flocks of birds congregating are a typical sign of infestation. Purchasing an insect net and performing sweeps early in the morning and late in the afternoon is a quick and easy way of scouting. If infestations do occur, it is best advised to fertilize the field based on timing to provide additional hay cuttings, or rest the pasture from grazing to allow the forage to re-establish. Contact your local University of Georgia Cooperative Extension office for more specific recommendations and consultation. Few things will strike fear into the hearts of pasture and hayfield owners than knowing fall armyworms are on the march. These pests can quickly decimate a field of bermudagrass, fescue, pearl millet or several other crops and then disappear as quickly as they appeared. last_img read more

Primary teacher job threat over gay marriage storybook (UK)

first_imgThe Christian Institute 8 Mar 2013A primary school teacher faced disciplinary action because she didn’t want to read to her class from a storybook about gay penguins.The teacher, who has not been named, works in a school in a London Borough and her case has been told to a committee of MPs looking the gay marriage Bill.Another teacher, from Scotland, says he was pressurised to promote gay marriage against his will and it contributed to a breakdown.The two teachers have remained anonymous because they fear for their careers, but have permitted a lawyer to outline their cases to Parliament.The teacher from London, referred to as “Mrs A”, began reading a book called “And Tango Makes Three” to her primary school class.When she realised the book was advocating gay marriage, she stopped reading it.She is a Christian and she told the class that there are different views about that issue in society.But the school’s head teacher said Mrs A had broken the law, and she would not be allowed to have her own class in the new school year.Another teacher, referred to as “Mr X” in the evidence given to MPs, teaches in a secondary school in Scotland.He was prepared to teach about marriage and sexuality in a balanced and objective way, but could not in all conscience say gay marriage was the same as straight marriage.But the head of department was angered by Mr X’s stance, and the head teacher said Mr X must toe the line and keep his views to himself.Mr X said this contributed to “a breakdown and being signed off work for several months with stress”.http://www.christian.org.uk/news/primary-teacher-job-threat-over-gay-marriage-storybook/last_img read more

Van Gaal hails Anfield victory

first_img Press Association Juan Mata scored in each half, either side of Reds captain Steven Gerrard getting sent off just 43 seconds after coming on as a substitute at the interval, and although Daniel Sturridge pulled a goal back United could still afford to miss an added-time Wayne Rooney penalty. The visitors were the dominant force in the first half having got their tactics spot on and Van Gaal said they used Liverpool’s own strengths – their intent to press and attack at speed – against them. Manchester United manager Louis van Gaal hailed one of the most important wins of his career after a 2-1 victory over 10-man Liverpool at Anfield opened up a five-point cushion in the race for Champions League football. “He has saved us a lot of times this season but I cannot remember a save.” Liverpool manager Brendan Rodgers admitted his side’s failure to get going, even before Gerrard’s moment of madness, cost them. “We were never in position. The second half the players showed why we have been on the run with the character and the resilience and we were still in it right to the end. “They take great credit from that. The first half cost us more than the second. “In that system you have to be able to press well and pass well and if you don’t do both elements of the game it becomes much more difficult for you. “In the first half we weren’t passing it anything like well enough, We didn’t play well enough, you have to accept that.” A win would have taken Liverpool above United into the top four for the first time since the opening day of the season but now they have to make up five points in the remaining eight matches. “It is a big challenge but when I looked at the 10 games that were remaining, it was always going to be difficult to win all 10. We built in a loss and some draws,” he added. “We hoped to win this game against a rival but it is still very much possible. There are five points between us and them. “We need to recover and use this as a springboard as we did when we last played them (their last league defeat before this encounter). “We are more than capable of winning the next game.” There was some suggestion Liverpool could have had Martin Skrtel sent off in the final action of the match for a lunge at De Gea but Rodgers rejected that. “It looks like it when it is slowed down he has caught him with intent. I didn’t see it like that. He is trying to get the ball,” he added. “You see his foot up. That is a symbol when a player is just trying to get his toe on the ball because if he does that and the keeper brings him down, it is probably a penalty.” “We beat them again with their own weapons and the pressure on the ball,” he said. “Now the gap is five points ahead of Liverpool and six ahead of Tottenham and Southampton so the moment to win is one of the most important in my career. “The first half was very good because I knew in advance Liverpool would press us and they did and we played them off the pitch. “We scored a fantastic goal and gave nothing away so it was a superb first half. “I come in the dressing room and I give all my compliments again but then in the second half everything changed because of the red card and we did not play like a team any more. “We were running with the ball, unnecessarily losing the ball and when we didn’t have the ball we didn’t press the opponent with the ball and that was different. “The second half we were not so good and that is amazing a little bit because we played 11 against 10 and it should be easier but it was not. “Nevertheless we didn’t give many chances away because I cannot remember (David) De Gea making a fantastic save. last_img read more

Deputies investigating after body found near Loxahatchee Groves canal

first_imgPolice are investigating a body that was discovered Friday afternoon on the bank of a canal in Loxahatchee Groves.Palm Beach County Sheriff’s Office deputies responded to the 14500 block of North Road at 2 p.m. and found a person who told officers he was fishing in the area when he discovered the body.Investigators said there were no signs of trauma found on the body.The victim was later identified as Daniel Lehnert, 36.last_img

Farfan & Mendes Junior Squash tourney.. Wins for Wiltshire, Fernandes and Harding on final day

first_imgIT was high action as the Guyana Squash Association (GSA) in partnership with Digicel wrapped up its annual Farfan and Mendes Junior Squash tournament yesterday at the Georgetown Club. The day saw the continuation of play in all categories as the final matches were played off. In category A, unbeaten Shomari Wiltshire faced Taylor Fernandes.Shomari continued his unbeaten streak as he dispatched Fernandes 11–6, 11–5,11–6. The second game in this category saw Alex Cheeks knocking off Anthony Islam 13-11, 11-3,11-4.In category B, Rebecca Low came up against Makeda Harding. Low was undefeated coming into the matchup and lost to Harding who showed improvement after losing to Samuel Ince-Carvalhal earlier in the tournament.Low won the first game 11-5 but lost form and fell in the remaining three games 11-4, 11-5, 11-7. In the match between Gianni Carpenter and Maya Collins, Gianni prevailed in three close games, 11–10, 11–9, 11–8.In category C, unbeaten Michael Alphonso knocked off Demetrius De Abreu in four games. Alphonso won the first game 11 – 5, but lost the second game 9 – 11. However,he won the remaining two games 11-8 and 11-7. In a sibling matchup between Lucas and Ethan Jonas, the younger Ethan won in three straight games, 11 – 5, 13 – 11,11 – 9.In category D, Madison Fernandes faced Kirsten Gomes and secured a well-deserved victory. Both were previously undefeated and the match was close coming down to the deciding fifth game. Fernandes won games one and three 12-10 and 11-6,while Gomes won games two and four 11-7 and 11-6.The fifth game was tightly contested with Fernandes winning 12-10. In the other match in this category Aliyah Persaud defeated Jason Gomes 11 – 9, 9 – 11, 11 – 4, 11 – 6.Meanwhile, the overall winner of category A was Shomari Wilthshire with Alex Cheeks coming second and Taylor Fernandes third. In category B it was Makeda Harding taking first, Samuel Ince-Carvalhal second and Rebecca Low third.The overall winner of category C was Michael Alphonso with Ethan Jonas second and Demetrius De Abreu coming third. In category 4 Madison Fernandes finished first with Kirsten Gomes second and Abosaide Cadogan third. It was James Mekdeci who finished first with Mohyryan Baksh second, Zachary Persaud third and Paige Fernandes fourth in category E.In category F, Louis Da Silva finished first, Mikhail Persaud second, Nicholas Verwey third and Liam Carpenter fourth. For category G, Jahcinta Adams came first, Teija Edwards second and Beau Fernandes third.Elan Rahaman finished first with Rayad Boyce second and Rayden Persaud third in category H, while in category I Noah Rahaman won while Dhiren Persaud finished second with Aishani Persaud and Malia Maikoo placing third and fourth respectively.Kirsten Gomes and Alex Cheeks took home the awards for most improved girl and most improved boy respectively. Madison Fernandes got the award for most outstanding girl while Michael Alphonso got the most outstanding boy award.Prizes were presented to the winners by Mrs Karen Gomes who is a representative of the sponsors Farfan & Mendes.last_img read more

GOtv Boxing Night: WABU President Urges More Corporate Support for Boxing

first_imgTo sustain the momentum, the WABU President urged other corporate organisations to take a leaf out of GOtv’s book, as doing so will ensure Nigerian boxing’s return to full health will be quicker.“I want to use this opportunity to plead with corporate organisations to join in the efforts to take Nigerian boxing back into the big time. With more corporate support, it will happen faster. The fact is under five years of sponsoring GOtv Boxing Night and GOtv Boxing NextGen Search, Nigerian boxing has regained prominence on the African and Commonwealth scenes. Our boxers are sought after, as many champions have been made. We need to go a few notches higher and that will happen if others show similar commitment,” he stated.GOtv Boxing Night is approaching its 18th edition, which is scheduled to hold at the Indoor Sports Hall of the Obafemi Awolowo Stadium (formerly Liberty), Ibadan, on Sunday. The eight-fight show will feature two international duels, the ABU lightweight title clash between Oto “Joe Boy” Joseph of Nigeria and Ghana’s Success “Brave Warrior” Tetteh and an international light middleweight clash between Akeem “Dodo” Sadiku of Nigeria and Ekpresso Djamihou of the Republic of Benin.Also on the card is the national super featherweight title bout between Ridwan ‘Scorpion” Oyekola and the champion, Taofeek “Taozon” Bisuga. Other boxers in action include Rilwan “Baby Face” Babatunde, WABU welterweight champion; Ganiyu “Energy” Kolawole, Tope “Esepo” Agbaje, Michael “Holy Mike” Jacobs, Opeyemi “Sense” Adeyemi and Isaac “I Star” Chukwudi.Share this:FacebookRedditTwitterPrintPinterestEmailWhatsAppSkypeLinkedInTumblrPocketTelegram President of the West African Boxing Union (WABU), Remi Aboderin, has called on corporate organisations in the country to emulate pay television service provider, GOtv’s support for Nigerian boxing. Aboderin, who is also the Secretary-General of the Nigerian Boxing Board of Control (NBB of C) made the call in Lagos yesterday at the offices of Flykite Promotions, organisers of GOtv Boxing Night, which has been sponsored by GOtv since 2014.He noted that the intervention of GOtv in Nigerian boxing has revived the sport, adding that there is a need for many more organisations to support boxing to ensure a speedier return to health.“Nobody connected to Nigerian boxing can fail to see the strides being made by the sport since GOtv intervened in 2014. Their intervention, which has seen them invest huge sums, time, organization, logistics, especially the live broadcast of the event by SuperSport, has rescued our beloved sport from irrelevance. I can tell you that we at the NBB of C are happy, boxers are happy, sub-regional and continental boxing bodies such as the African Boxing Union are also happy for GOtv’s support. The fans, who are crucial to the sport, are similarly delighted,” he said.last_img read more

Message sent to Turnbull, Davies

first_imgFinal year means big yearRepresentingone-fourth of the 2007-08 senior class, defenseman Kyle Klubertanz has assertedhimself both on the ice and in the locker room. His presence has been vital inthe development of the three freshmen blue liners. “I thinkhe took a step this summer when he was elected an assistant captain and wantingto be a leader,” Eaves said. It’sKlubertanz’s final season, and he’s trying to make the most of it. That notionhas showed in his preparation this summer and in his practice routine. “I thinkthere’s external motivation beyond that in terms of he’s a senior,” Eaves said.“He knows that if he wants to do something at the next level, he has to have abig year. “And histraining this summer was the best he’s ever had, and it’s showing in the way heplays.”Thus far,Klubertanz is having a career year. Already, he has tied his personal best withfour goals and is on pace to set a new mark in points by midseason. JEFF SCHORFHEIDE/Herald photoTwomembers of the men’s hockey team were held out of Saturday night’s game againstMichigan Tech. PodgeTurnbull and Michael Davies sat out the Badgers’ 4-2 victory over the Huskiesafter the two didn’t put forth the effort head coach Mike Eaves was expectingfollowing two weeks of preparation. He hopes that the benching will not onlymotivate Turnbull and Davies to play better, but get the team to up itsintensity as well. “Being ayoung team, knowing that we want to be a successful team and knowing that thefoundation of that success has to be built on the hard part of the game, thiswas a message to the team and to these young men that they’ve got to step it upa little bit,” Eaves said during a press conference Monday. “So if I was intheir shoes, I’m probably going to have the best practice of my career(Monday).”SophomoresZach Bearson and Andy Bombach skated in their place. Save the rust of nothaving played at all this season prior to Saturday, Eaves thought they gave theteam some good minutes. “They didpretty good. They gave us what their strengths were,” Eaves said. “There wereshifts they came out for — they knew that had slipped a little bit, but that’sto be expected [because] they haven’t played a lot lately.“They hadsome good practices, and we needed to shore up the other side, so the time ofall this was good.”In fivegames this season, Davies had scored four points in five games and Turnbull hastallied three. Smith’s still getting defensiveAsimpressive as freshman blue liner Brendan Smith has been with the puck thisseason — scoring a goal and adding five assists through six games — he is stilllearning his role as a defenseman. The first-roundselection by the Detroit Red Wings in the 2007 NHL Entry Draft made the switchto defense about two years ago. It has showed as Smith has been caught severaltimes this season below the tops of the offensive circles — meaning that he’sgetting too far up. However, what’spositive about the entire situation, according to Eaves, is that it’s mucheasier to teach a player defense than the skill set needed on offense. “Defensivethings that you’re talking about are things that you can learn,” Eaves said.“The things that we can’t teach are his offensive skills and his ability totake what’s given and be creative with the puck in a tight situation. He canmake something out of nothing.”Givenassistant coach Mark Osiecki’s success at transitioning former forwards intosolid defensemen, Smith should only get better. “He’s in agood situation, and I have no doubt that at some point, it’ll all come togetherfor him,” Eaves said.last_img read more

Syracuse prevails 72-58 over Colgate in the Carrier Dome

first_img Facebook Twitter Google+ Syracuse (8-1) escaped its matchup with Colgate (3-6) on Saturday with a 72-58 victory in the Carrier Dome. Tyus Battle and Oshae Brissett led the way in scoring with 24 and 20 points respectively. Syracuse allowed Colgate to accumulate 14 3-pointers on Saturday, which amounted for 72 percent of the Raiders scoring. Here are the best images from Saturday’s victory. Comments Published on December 9, 2017 at 8:21 pmlast_img

Couple Caribbean-American heritage with a cohesive Caribbean-American community

first_imgJune is again being commemorated as Caribbean-American Heritage Month, highlighting the strong contributions Caribbean immigrants have made to American history and development. Unfortunately, the significance of this contribution is still relatively unknown by a preponderance of Caribbean-Americans, and hardly recognized by the average American.Dates to the 17th centuryCaribbean American heritage dates to the 17th Century when slaves were brought to Boston, US from Barbados.  Since then Caribbean immigrants have contributed to various areas of American live, having excelled as inventors, educators, medical practitioner, attorneys, journalists, entrepreneurs, cultural and sports icons, politicians, and civil rights activists. Placed unique influence on AmericaCaribbean immigrants didn’t arrive in America simply to make “quick money,” then return to their respective Caribbean homelands. Rather, they saw and seized opportunities to place their unique influence on America, their adopted country.  Not content to be inferiorVery few, if any, Caribbean immigrants were content to retreat to the back of the bus heading to an inferior, segregated, humiliating destination, away from a ‘superior’ white race.  Caribbean people do not regard themselves inferior to anyone, a fact that is too often misunderstood by some African-Americans who, unfortunately, endured years of racist humiliation. This misunderstanding has resulted in the occasional criticism of Caribbean migrants as “uppity blacks”. But most Caribbean immigrants do not regard themselves as better than other black people. It’s just characteristic of Caribbean-Americans that they are not content to be considered inferior. People like Jamaican Marcus Garvey tried to show the entire black race it was, in fact, a superior race.Maybe, even President Trump, in paying tribute to Caribbean-Americans in his recent proclamation of Caribbean-American Heritage month, doesn’t fully understand the uniqueness of Caribbean immigrants, and the contribution they have made to this country. Neither did his predecessors. Because the contribution of Caribbean-Americans may not be fully understood, neither is this contribution appreciated.  It can only be hoped that as another Caribbean-American Heritage Month is commemorated and highlighted the full worth and significance of the Caribbean migrant will be recognized and appreciated.Community’s diverseness is a challengeBut maybe the Caribbean-American community itself is to be blamed for being under appreciated. Unlike other American ethnic groups, the Caribbean-American community, is comprised of people from several different nations. This diverse characteristic has cost the Caribbean-American community its cohesiveness. While, undoubtedly, several Caribbean-Americans and their descendants have independently made worthwhile contributions to American history, the community of an estimated 7 million people, is still, in general, in the growing stages of becoming a powerful community. The only way this power can be ascertained is by a deliberate attempt by those who originate from different Caribbean countries to recognize themselves as being, and act as, a member of one Caribbean-American community. But this is no easy task. The same chauvinistic factors that foiled the success of a West Indies Federation decades ago mustn’t be allowed to foil the cohesiveness of the Caribbean-American community.Much to be accomplished For most of the millions of Caribbean-Americans who, along with their ancestors, have played major roles in the development of several aspects of American society, there’s still much to be accomplished in America. They deserve and must continue to seek similar recognition given to immigrants of other ethnic origins, like Hispanics and Jews. Caribbean-Americans are not content be considered as just Black Americans, though they are. They want to be considered a community with a distinctive culture; an  influential political constituency, and formidable business sector. Caribbean-Americans want to, and should, be recognized, unconditionally, as an autonomous American ethnic community, period.People of Caribbean heritage should take advantage of every Caribbean-American Heritage month to educate America of the impact they have made on this country since the 17th century and are continuing to do.Caribbean migrants must continue relentlessly to carve out their indelible niche in American society, never losing their uniqueness.  Outstanding Caribbean-Americans like Shirley Chisholm, Colin Powell, Sydney Poitier, Malcom X, Claude Mckay, Tim Duncan, Madge Sinclair, current Democratic candidate Kamala Harris, Una and Yvette Clark, Hazelle Rogers, Dale Holness, and Yolly Roberson, all icons of Caribbean-American heritage sought, and are seeking to make their, and other communities better. They ensured the Caribbean influence integrated firmly with the American way of life.Fighting for rightful place in societyThe work is far from over because as a people, a community, Caribbean-Americans still haven’t been given their rightful place in American society. One month of commemoration and accolades cannot be the objective. American history is resplendent with the contribution of Caribbean migrants.  Now, Caribbean-Americans must continue to strive for permanent recognition; in the US Census; in city, county, state and federal legislatures, and in the general society. Caribbean-Americans helped build, and still are helping to build America. And while it is appropriate that these achievements be recognized, it’s imperative that Caribbean-Americans also build the infrastructure that ensures their identity as a formidable community.last_img read more